TransUnion Completes Acquisition of Verisk Financial Services
TransUnion completed its acquisition of Verisk Financial Services. Together, our combined capabilities will help us better serve customers through enhanced insights into customer behaviour. Read More.
A detailed overview of Malaysia's cards, payments and consumer banking industry, with expert comments supported by accurate data.
Despite the rapid increase of digital payment methods, especially contactless (to the detriment of cash but the benefit of debit card and QR code payments), there remain many payments to be migrated to digital, signalling a golden opportunity to enter the Malaysian market.
The possibility is all the more lucrative with Citi's consumer-facing operation on the verge of pulling out, opening up the chance to claim a large slice of the market via the acquisition of that portfolio.
At the POS, QR is becoming popular, to the point that it may threaten cards over the next five to ten years; DuitNow, an interoperable QR system, was introduced in 2019.
There are also opportunities in an acquiring market that is currently dominated by local players, suggesting that foreign entrants could bring downward competitive pressure to margins.
The effects of interchange caps imposed in 2015 and 2019.
How a vibrant Malaysian mobile payments market is forming fast.
Why the credit card market has rebounded from its post-financial crisis trough.
What the planned withdrawal of Citibank means.
Why e-money continues to grow at world-leading levels.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Demographics and the economy
Key retail banks and issuers
Acquiring and processing
Regulatory and other cards market information
Malaysia Country Report Data Tables
(All 2015-24F unless otherwise stated)
1: Demographic and economic indicators.
2: Ownership of key consumer devices.
3: Internet usage by population.
4: Access points: 2015-22E.
5: Account penetration.
6: Consumer payment trends 2015-22F.
7: B2C e-commerce payment methods: 2015-22F.
8: Total card payment metrics.
9: Contactless cards metrics.
10: Credit card numbers.
11: Total credit cards metrics.
12: Credit card profitability indicators.
13: Debit card numbers.
14: Debit cards metrics.
15: Prepaid/e-money cards metrics.
16: Mobile proximity payment metrics: 2017-24F.
17: Profit pool: credit card numbers, billed volumes, outstandings, interest incomes, net interest revenues, merchant revenues, card fee revenues, other non-interest incomes, total revenues, net credit losses, operating expenses, total expenses, pre-tax profits, merchant service charges, rollover rates, APR, net credit losses to outstandings, operating costs to revenues, ROA (pre-tax profits to outstandings).
(All 2015-22F below unless otherwise stated)
18: Networks' credit card market shares.
19: Networks' credit card data numbers.
20: Networks' credit card billed volume.
21: Networks' number of credit card transactions.
22: Networks' average credit card transaction value.
23: Credit card interchange fees by network: 2015-21E.
24: Networks' debit card market shares.
25: Networks' debit card data numbers.
26: Networks' debit card billed volume.
27: Networks' number of debit card transactions.
28: Networks' average debit card transaction value.
29: Debit card interchange fees by network.
30: Debit card interchange fees by MyDebit.
31: Key credit card issuers market shares by credit card numbers: 2017-22F.
32: Key issuers market shares in credit card outstandings: 2017-22F.
33: Key debit card issuers market shares by debit card numbers: 2017-22F.
34: Merchant acquirer credit card market share: 2021E.
35: Credit card merchant service charges: 2015-24F.
36: Merchant acquirer debit card market share: 2021E.
37: Debit card merchant service charges: 2015-24F.
38: Credit card issuer/issuing processor relationships: -
39: Credit card acquirer/acquiring processor relationships: -
40: Credit card issuing processor market shares by card numbers: 2021E.
41: Credit card acquiring processor market shares by the number of POS transactions: 2021E.
42: Online merchant acquirer market share. 2021E.
Demographics and Economy
Malaysia is predicted by the World Bank to become a high-income country with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of $12,535 between 2024 and 2028.
Malaysia remains a largely cash-based society, with cash in circulation equivalent to 8.5% of nominal GDP in 2020. However, the pandemic has accelerated the uptake of digital payment methods that would otherwise have taken several years.
There were 170.2 million payment cards in the country at the end of 2020 (including credit cards, charge cards, debit cards and e-money cards), a 23% increase over the year before.
Malaysia has a vibrant mobile payments market with a wide range of banks and e-money issuers competing. Central bank BNM is actively supporting the development of the market through liberal e-money regulation.
As in many other markets, industrywide pre-tax profitability decreased in Malaysia during 2020, in its case, by around 19.5%. Credit card purchase volume declined by 12.5%.
Malaysia has a competitive credit cards market, with all of the usual major international brands present – Visa, Mastercard and American Express. There are three debit card networks operating in Malaysia: Visa, Mastercard and domestic network MyDebit.
Key Retail Banks and Issuers
The Malaysian credit cards market is very competitive, with 27 credit card issuers serving a population of 33 million, of which only around a fifth hold a credit card.
Acquiring and Processing
Malaysia's merchant acquiring market is highly competitive, with most issuers offering acquiring services. Processing in this market is mainly carried out in-house. The main acquirers and the majority of the leading issuers are domestic players.
The B2C e-commerce market in Malaysia was worth around $6 billion in 2020, which was almost three times greater than in 2015. Verisk expects B2C e-commerce sales to grow to almost $10 billion by 2022.
Regulatory and Markets Information
The Malaysian Financial Services Act 2013 (FSA) and Islamic Financial Services Act 2013 (IFSA) together provide a unified legislative framework governing the supervision and conduct of financial institutions in Malaysia.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Bank Islam Malaysia
Bank Negara Malaysia
CIMB CNY Go Digital
CIMB Thai Bank
Direct Debit System
EONCAP Islamic Bank
Financial Process Exchange
Hong Leong Bank
Hong Leong Connect
HSBC Amanah Malaysia
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation
Malaysia Electronic Payment System
Malaysian Electronic Clearing Corporation
MIMB Investment Bank
National Electronic Cheque Information Clearing System
Payments Network Malaysia
Pine Payment Solutions
Razer Merchant Services
Real-Time Retail Payments Platform
Retail Payments Platform
Shared ATM Network
Touch 'n Go
United Overseas Bank
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
World Trade Platform
Reports include detailed market and competitor intelligence on payments cards, e-money, acquiring, retail banking, and consumer credit in the Asia Pacific region. Analysts use primary and secondary source data and conduct in-depth interviews with senior industry executives and finance experts.
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